Give2Asia began working with Yayasan IDEP because of its ability to reach remote parts of Indonesia. Following the eruption of Mount Merapi and the Mentawi Island tsunami in October 2010, IDEP was in a unique position to respond to both disasters, separated by hundreds of miles. Among the Give2Asia-supported response programs, IDEP established emergency response teams capable of reaching anywhere in Indonesia and conducted evacuation planning and drills with local schools. When Give2Asia began to engage local disaster risk reduction practitioners in Indonesia in 2014, IDEP was on the top of our list.
Since the first Give2Asia support of IDEP in 2010, the organization refocused and relocated to Bali. IDEP’s current programming involves developing educational media and empowering local communities through permaculture and disaster risk reduction. In 2012, IDEP began working with 10 villages in the Klungkung District of Bali to prepare vulnerability and capacity analyses and disaster risk mapping. Unfortunately, the plans that were developed had to wait as funders shied away from the famous tourist destination, perhaps unaware that luxury travel accommodations and crippling poverty co-exist on the island.
Klungkung District is prone to natural disasters such as floods, cyclones, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis and sea-level rise that are complicated by human activities such as illegal river mining and sand mining. Locals report that with sea-level rise, tides are now reaching up to 100 meters inland and eroding the beach, and a giant empty pit is all that remains of a former sand mining operation nearby.
With this knowledge, Give2Asia stepped in to help IDEP implement the plans developed in 2012 for the villages of Jumpai and Tangkas. Despite the villages’ vulnerability, no disaster management infrastructure or prevention initiatives had been undertaken. The top priorities of IDEP’s work is to establish the Klungkung District Disaster Management Board at the district level, Community Disaster Management Groups in each village, and to open a District Disaster Crisis Center. These community-based organizations will be able to assess the needs and priorities of the community, incorporate disaster management needs in the District Annual Plan, and manage the implementation of disaster risk reduction initiatives. With the help of these CBOs, IDEP will conduct disaster preparedness trainings, evacuation planning, disaster drills, implement early warning systems, educate schoolchildren on disaster risks and plans, and develop standard operating procedures for each hazard faced by the villages.
Give2Asia hopes that by stepping in to support these plans in two villages, other donors will recognize the efficacy of this approach and help IDEP expand and implement the disaster plans of the remaining eight target villages in Klungkung.