LATEST UPDATES FROM GIVE2ASIA IN CHINA:
Casualties and Damage:
- 2,310,000 affected
- 23,959 injured
- 196 dead
- 21 missing
- 25,330 collapsed houses (18,630 rural; 6,700 urban)
- 510,000 badly damaged houses (430,000 rural; 80,000 urban)
In early May, most areas in Ya'an still have a strong possibility of geological disasters (orange alert), while parts of Lushan, Baoxing, and Tianquan Counties face possible geological disasters (yellow alert).
- Relief Supplies Management
Between May 1 to May 3, the Civil Affairs system collected: 2,443 tents (102,945 in total), 141 quilts (224,761 in total), 140 folding beds (11,890 in total); 55 cases of noodles, 6,766 cases of water, beverage, and dairy, 1,205 cases of other food; and 2 generators.
In addition, the Civil Affairs system has sent out 5,443 tents (92,895 in total) and 141 quilts (216,151 in total). All the folding beds, noodles, water, beverage, diary and other kinds of food were also sent out. The 2 generators were settled.
- Hygiene and Epidemic Prevention
Between May 6 and May 12 the Health Department of Sichuan Province conducted mass vaccination of HAV and MMR in 342 centralized sites with over 50 people each in Lushan and Baoxing County. Local authorities with the support of the national and provincial governments are in charge of hygiene and epidemic prevention in other disaster-affected areas.
- Medical Order Restoration
In 21 disaster-hit counties, slightly damaged medical health agencies are returning to service. 106 hospital tents, 1 mobile hospital, and 2 prefab house hospitals have also been set up. Local and external personnel are jointly carrying out general diagnosis and treatment, focusing on patient visits and mental health services in centralized sites. There are accumulatively 125,452 beneficiaries of visits and 41,654 people have benefited from mental health service.
- Secondary Disaster Investigation
By 4:00pm on May 1st, 9,491 geological hazards had been investigated (2,425 spots in Ya’an) which threatened 139,545 people’s lives and property to varying degrees. 1,470 geological hazards (802 in Ya’an) were recently found to threaten 74,648 people’s lives and property to different degrees.
Efforts from Civil Society:
In the resettlement stage, the pace of disaster relief efforts is gradually slowing down. NGOs continue to conduct disaster evaluation and assess disaster-hit areas to deliver needed supplies. At the same time, NGOs provide psychological guidance and care, especially for children, by organizing games, films, and teacher psychology training, etc. They also launched school-rebuilding programs to resume classes for children as soon as possible.
Special Concern on Safe Water Use, investigation by NGO
After the earthquake, Ya’an Water Security Group began water security tests and water purification equipment collection in disaster-hit area under the “China Water Security Plan."
This mainly involves coordinating supplies, on-site investigation and on-site water quality examination. By April 28th, first-round of observation and investigation showed that:
a) In Lushan County and Tianquan County of Ya’an, villages and towns use spring water as their main water source. The post-disaster water source is bottled water. Conservatively estimated, 56% of the 350,000 disaster-affected people in temporary housing consume 2 liters of water for each person every day (4 bottles, 500 milliliter per bottle). Thus, over 700,000 empty plastic bottles are discarded in disaster-hit area every day.
b) The quality of the water source was not greatly affected in disaster-hit areas. The water is expected to meet the standard of drinking water in the emergency phase after purification and boiling. (However, the conclusion needs the test and comparison on water sample after the purification equipment is set up).
The Ya'an Water Security Group is composed of specialized volunteers from NGOs of environmental protection and provide water quality monitoring, water purification equipment, and water supply service, etc.
Drinking water security is the most vulnerable link in the post-disaster area, particularly in the densely populated settlement area. A clean water source could reduce the rate of disease outbreaks. Children in schools are the most vulnerable group in this area. Therefore the first priority in post-disaster recovery should be laying clean pipes and providing high-quality drinking water to sites such as schools and hospitals.
Local Partners in China:
Many local Give2Asia partners in China are currently responding to the disaster, including
- NGO Disaster Preparedness Center (NGODPC)*
- China Social Entrepreneur Foundation (YouChange)
- China Women’s Development Foundation (CWDF)*
- China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation (CFPA)*
- China Youth Development Foundation (CYDF)*
- China Beijing United Charity Foundation (CBUCF)
*Give2Asia partner for Sichuan Earthquake 2008 relief and recovery.